Protoapennine vs. Subapennine: Mathematical Distinction Between Two Ceramic Phases
Lukesh, Susan and Howe, Sally (1978) Protoapennine vs. Subapennine: Mathematical Distinction Between Two Ceramic Phases. Journal of Field Archaeology, 5 (3). pp. 339-347.
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The excavation of the early Bronze Age village of Tufariello, Buccino, in Italy, forced the recognition of a problem crucial to the understanding of the Bronze Age sequences in the Italian peninsula. At this site, fine ceramic ware exactly fit the description of such ware known from Subapennine, Late Bronze Age sites. The Tufariello site, however, is firmly set in an Early Bronze Age, Protopennine tradition, thus demonstrating convincingly that the beginning and final moments of the Apennine ceramic tradition may visually be identical. Since the validity of both phases has been established, it is imperative to develop a means of identifying the respective ceramics. That they must in some manner differ is suggested by the time span separating their manufacture (perhaps as long as 800 years), and a differentiation based on mathematical analysis of their primary measurements is discussed here.
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